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The History of our Public Schools
Wyandotte County, Kansas




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The Story of Kansas City, Kansas

"Early Visitors"

We can be sure that no one was around to welcome two of our earliest visitors.  If there had ever been inhabitants here, they would have fled to the south long before these callers arrived.  People who make a study of geography tell us that millions of years ago, two huge glaciers came grinding and crunching from the North Pole and spread themselves over a large part of the United States.

Not much is known about the first glacier but the second one, which came thousands of years later, is called the Kansas glacier.  We know that this immense sheet of snow and ice reached as far south as Kansas.  It crushed rocks into deep, rich soil and deposited this soil on the ground as it moved along.  The glacier left boulders of pinkish colored rock, called quartzite, scattered about.  These rocks are found as far south as the Kansas River.

The glacier dug valleys in the earth and built up hills.  In some places it leveled the land.  The soil that the glacier left is a sandy loam suited for growing fruits, vegetables, and grains.  This section of Kansas is called the Osage Plains, which are a part of the Bluestem Prairies.

Walnut, cottonwood, hickory, elm and oak trees grow on the hills.  Through the rocky cliffs flow springs and creeks which empty into the rivers.  Birds and animals once lived in great numbers along the banks of streams.  Turkeys nesting near a creek south of the Kansas River gave Turkey Creek its name.

You may have noticed workmen digging rock out of the bluffs along the Kansas River.  This is white magnesium limestone.  These rock deposits have brought five quarries to locations along the river.  Cement rock, fire clay, and sandstone are also found in this vicinity.  A layer of coal twenty inches thick was once mined in Rosedale.

The Hopewell Indians

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Contact the History Webmaster - Patricia Adams

History Site created on December 02, 2002
Page last updated: 02-Jan-2012

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