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The History of our Public Schools
Wyandotte County, Kansas

1844
2012

 

 

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KCKS Public School System, 1819-1961
by Nellie McGuinn
Copyright USD 500, Feb 1966

Return to Previous Section 1942

1943

During the first months of 1943, the schools aided in issuing ration books.  Teachers spend their evenings and Saturdays during the week of February 22-27 on the issuing of books.  Meat rationing started in March, and books for sugar purchases were made out in April.  On June 1, the OPA opened headquarters at Central Junior to serve the state of Kansas.  Local teachers and principals on summer vacation were employed until July 17 by the government.  Older students and other citizens gave their time.

The staff of the revived Bulletin held a meeting on January 6 to make plans for a first issue.  The pay-as-you-go bill became a law on June 10, authorizing a 20% withholding tax that included a 3% "Victory" tax.  Mr. Lewis Brotherson, business manager, explained to teachers the operation of the new tax.  The superintendent requested that teachers give first attention to the war.  They registered men, promoted gardens, collected and sold scrap and fat, and bought Defense Bonds.

In his convocation address, "The Contribution of Education to the War Effort," Superintendent Schlagle warned that the surrender of Italy the previous week did not indicate the war was over, although the outlook in 1943 was brighter than in 1942.  Teachers were permitted to work four hours, from 5 p.m. to 12 midnight and all day Saturday to aid in the manpower shortage and supplement their income.  Salaries had been adjusted according to the "Little Steel Formula."  A 15% increase plus two $60 increments to those not on maximum had been given since September 1, 1942.  Salaries in 1943 were 12% above the schedule.  The NEA recognized KCKs as the first large city to reach 100% in the War and Peace Fund drive.  A third War Loan was soon coming up.

Changes in education, caused by the war, were listed by the superintendent:

  1. Shortage of teachers and materials
  2. Larger classes
  3. More emphasis on science and mathematics
  4. Additional vocational classes
  5. Stress on physical fitness
  6. Federal government participation

The federal government introduced programs.  By the Lanham Act, services were given to places swamped by war workers.  The Federal Works AdNHAM ministration provided for young children.  For the Army and Navy veterans a college education was provided.

As the strength of a system lay in the teaching personnel, Mr. Schlagle was concerned with threats to faculties:

The war added new types of skills for training workers:

Next Section   1944

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Contact the History Webmaster - Patricia Adams

History Site created on December 02, 2002
Page last updated: 02-Jan-2012

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