Special Education and Related Services

Each school district must make a free, appropriate public education (FAPE) available to all children with exceptionalities. One of the most important considerations for individualized education program (IEP) teams is the special education, related services, and supplementary aids and services to be provided to the child or on behalf of the child. The IEP team must also consider the program modifications or supports for school personnel that will be provided on behalf of the child. All services and supports are provided to enable the child: (1) to advance appropriately toward attaining the annual goals; (2) to be involved in and make progress in the general education curriculum, or appropriate activities for children ages 3 – 5; (3) to participate in extracurricular and other nonacademic activities; and (4) to be educated and participate with their nondisabled peers to the maximum extent appropriate, in all of these activities.

Related services are developmental, corrective, and supportive services required to assist a child, who has been identified as a child with an exceptionality, to benefit from special education services.

Kansas Regulation, K.A.R 91-40-1(ccc) includes the following as related services:

  • Art therapy
  • Assistive technology devices and services
  • Audiology
  • Counseling services
  • Dance movement services
  • Early identification and assessment of disabilities
  • Interpreting services
  • Medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes
  • Music therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Orientation and mobility services
  • Parent counseling and training
  • Physical therapy
  • Recreation, including therapeutic recreation
  • Rehabilitation counseling services
  • School health services
  • School nurse services
  • School psychological services
  • School social work services
  • Speech and language
  • Transportation
  • Other developmental, corrective or supportive services